Maths Pathway has provided a far more sophisticated assessment tool than schools usually have access to. It is designed to detect any gaps, lack of understanding or things student have forgotten all the way back to Grade 1 level. It is also "mastery" based, meaning that students must have a very deep and thorough understanding of something to be given credit for it. These elements combine to provide a base-line "grade level" for students that is often below what has been reported previously, because in the past teachers have had to estimate grade levels based on far more limited data. However, this does not necessarily mean that students are "behind".
Generally speaking, for a student to have good life skills in numeracy, they should master up to level 7 by the end of year 10.
For a student to access basic mathematics (Further Maths) in year 12, they should reach level 8.
For intermediate mathematics (Maths Methods), level 9.
And for advanced mathematics (Specialist Maths), level 10.
Across the country, the average entry level of a year 7 student is around 4.0 as measured by Maths Pathway.
What we are really interested in is "how is my child going with maths?". For this, the only important thing to look at is their growth: how much better are they now compared with the start of semester? Check your child's "Growth Score" to see how they are doing.
Those who want to look ahead could also ask "if things keep going as they are, what mathematics pathways will be open to my child in year 12?". For this, parents can speak to the teachers and see what the available data indicates.